Project without external funding

Quality assurance in organic pig production (.)


Project Details
Project duration: 06/200402/2006


Abstract

On 6 organic farms with fattening pigs an
intervention study was conducted during three fattening periods.
Measures concerning health management were identified and the cost for
labour and finances were quantified. The conditions of housing, feeding,
hygiene and management were evaluated with a modified CCP-Concept.
Working hours were recorded by means of a working diary and by measuring
the time consumed for cleaning and desinfection. The animals were
slaughtered at an abbatoir which was equipped with a computer system for
monitoring pathological lesions on carcass and organs. Data from the
animals of the 6 farms were compared with data from other organic and
from conventional farms.


In the first fattening period deficits on the 6
farms were identified especially in the area of hygiene. Pathological
lesions at the abbatoir showed that 48,9 % of the livers of animals from
the six examined farms, 67 % of the livers of the other organic animals
and 14,5 % of the livers of the conventional animals were affected by
milk spots. Less animals of the organic farms compared to the
conventional animals had lesions of the lung. The labour time for the
fattening pigs on the farms consumed between 2,0 and 3,7 labour unit
hours per pig and year.
In the second and third fattening period the
deworming and hygiene regimes of the 6 farms were optimized. The rate
of pathological liver lesions of the animals was clearly reduced to 32,7
%. The costs for labour and finances in relation to the hygiene
measures rised by 1,3 labour unit hours and 16,4 € per pig and year,
which means an increase of 46,2 %.
It can be concluded that organic
farms have the potential to aquire good hygiene conditions, a low
percentage of pathological liver lesions and a high meat quality. The
labour time regarding cleaning and desinfection ist higher compared to
conventional farms. Preconditions for a high health status are strict
hygiene- and deworming concepts. Farms that have stables which are
difficult to clean are adviced to make structural alterations to their
buildings.



Keywords
CCP-Konzept, Entwurmungsregime, Fütterung, Haltung, Hygiene, Lungenbefunde, Ökologische Schweinemast, Tiergesundheit


Research Areas


Last updated on 2019-05-07 at 17:04