Project without external funding

Regulierung von Agrartreibstoffen durch zertifikate

Project Details
Project duration: 11/200801/2011

Global environmental change increasingly raises questions concerning the interrelationships between different environmental and societal processes and policy measures. Global climate change and strategies to mitigate this change represents itself a driver of further change and affects a broad variety of ecological and social processes. For example, strategies to increase the production of biofuels to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions have far reaching social implications (e.g. on food production) and environmental impacts (e.g. for biodiversity). Moreover, due to the increase in demand for biofuels, the changes in land use necessary to meet increasing market demands are not restricted to Europe. Rather, global markets will emerge and international interdependencies will intensify. To respond to the social and environmental challenges connected with biofuel production scientists, NGOs and other actors have called for certification schemes or eco-labels to control the environmental and socioeconomic impacts of biofuel production. The success of such certification schemes, however, depends on appropriate measures able to regulate ecological as well as social impacts. Furthermore, crucial for the success of any such certification schemes is the introduction of international regulations, accepted by the primary producer and consumer countries, which are compatible with existing international regulatory frameworks (e.g. WTO).
The project will analyse the likely requirements for such successful certification schemes and, thus, contributes to fundamental issues of global environmental governance. This task includes analysing the ability of certification schemes (1) to respond to environmental challenges and (2) being considered acceptable for introduction at the international level. Regarding (1) an overview over the main environmental challenges connected with biofuel introduction will be given and ways how to assess their impact and to respond to them will be developed. Regarding (2) experiences of previous attempts to introduce international social and/or environmental standards will be evaluated. Building upon these analyses the strategies of the main actors involved (different national governments in industrialized and developing countries, international organisations and institutions, corporations, NGOs etc.) will be estimated.

Research Areas

Last updated on 2017-11-07 at 15:05