Journal article
What is the SMARTest way to breed plants and increase agrobiodiversity?



Publication Details
Authors:
Brumlop, S.; Reichenbecher, W.; Tappeser, B.; Finckh, M.
Publisher:
SPRINGER
Publication year:
2013
Journal:
Euphytica
Pages range:
53-66
Volume number:
194
Start page:
53
End page:
66
Number of pages:
14
ISSN:
0014-2336

Abstract
The evaluation and use of the vast diversity contained in plant genetic resources (PGR) is a main challenge for today's plant breeding. The use of molecular markers has hugely increased the knowledge about genetic diversity and great hopes are raised about the potential of marker assisted selection [MAS; sometimes also termed SMART breeding (Selection with Markers and Advanced Reproductive Technologies)] to help increasing the use of PGR and maintaining crop genetic diversity. Another approach growing attention has been paid to over the past two decades and which also aims to increase variation in crops is evolutionary and participatory breeding (EPB). In this paper we discuss both the potential of marker-assisted breeding strategies and the potential of EPB breeding to contribute to the maintenance, increase and development of agrobiodiversity. The potentials of molecular markers in the evaluation and use of PGR and their documented contribution to agrobiodiversity are reviewed and results from guided interviews with scientists and breeders are given. Despite tremendous research efforts involving molecular markers, it is still difficult to obtain a clear picture how molecular markers contribute to the use of PGR in plant breeding. Minor and major crops do not benefit to the same degree from recent developments in marker technology. It therefore depends at least in part on economic considerations whether SMART breeding or EPB strategies or both are implemented in the breeding process of a crop. A general decision in favor or against MAS or EPB when breeding for diversity would not yield optimum results.


Keywords
Evolutionary breeding, MAS, Molecular markers, Plant genetic resources, Pre-breeding, Seed legislation


Authors/Editors

Last updated on 2019-25-07 at 16:13