Journal article
A stable alpha-helical domain at the N terminus of the RIalpha subunits of cAMP-dependent protein kinase is a novel dimerization/docking motif

Publication Details
Herberg, F.; León, D.; Banky, P.; Taylor, S.
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Journal of Biological Chemistry
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The RIalpha subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase is maintained as an asymmetric dimer by a dimerization motif at the N terminus. Based on resistance to proteolysis and expression as a discrete domain in Escherichia coli, this motif is defined as residues 12-61. This motif is chemically, kinetically, and thermally stable. The two endogenous interchain disulfide bonds between Cys16 and Cys37 in RIalpha are extremely resistant to reduction even in 8 M urea, indicating that they are well shielded from the reducing environment of the cell. The disulfide bonds were present in recombinant RIalpha as well as when the dimerization domain alone was expressed in E. coli, emphasizing the unusual stability of this motif and the disulfide bonds. Although 100 mM dithiothreitol was sufficient to reduce the disulfide bonds, it did not abolish dimerization. In addition, a stable dimer also still formed when Cys37 was replaced with His, confirming unambiguously the original antiparallel alignment of the disulfide bonds. Thus, both in vitro and in vivo, disulfide bonds are not required for dimerization. Circular dichroism of the dimerization domain indicated a high content of a thermostable alpha-helix. Based on the CD data, trypsin resistance of the fragment, location of the disulfide bonds, and amphipathic helix predictions, potential models are discussed. A new alignment of the dimerization domains of RI, RII, and cGMP-dependent protein kinase elucidates fundamental similarities as well as significant differences among these three domains.


Last updated on 2019-25-07 at 10:55