Journal article
Shape memory behaviour: modelling within continuum thermomechanics



Publication Details
Authors:
Helm, D.; Haupt, P.
Publication year:
2003
Journal:
International Journal of Solids and Structures
Pages range:
826-849
Volume number:
40
ISSN:
0020-7683

Abstract
A phenomenological material model to represent the multiaxial material behaviour of shape memory alloys is proposed. The material model is able to represent the main effects of shape memory alloys: the one-way shape memory effect, the two-way shape memory effect due to external loads, the pseudoelastic and pseudoplastic behaviour as well as the transition range between pseudoelasticity and pseudoplasticity.
The material model is based on a free energy function and evolution equations for internal variables. By means of the free energy function, the energy storage during thermomechanical processes is described. Evolution equations for internal variables, e.g. the inelastic strain tensor or the fraction of martensite are formulated to represent the dissipative material behaviour. In order to distinguish between different deformation mechanisms, case distinctions are introduced into the evolution equations. Thermomechanical consistency is ensured in the sense that the constitutive model satisfies the Clausius-Duhem inequality.
Finally, some numerical solutions of the constitutive equations for isothermal and non-isothermal strain and stress processes demonstrate that the various phenomena of the material behaviour are well represented. This applies for uniaxial processes and for non-proportional loadings as well. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.


Authors/Editors

Last updated on 2019-01-11 at 16:05