Journal article
Breathing coherent phonons and caps fragmentation in carbon nanotubes following ultrafast laser pulses



Publication Details
Authors:
Garcia, M.
Publication year:
2006
Journal:
Physical Review B
Pages range:
193406
Journal acronym:
Phys. Rev.
Volume number:
74
Issue number:
19
ISSN:
1098-0121

Abstract
The response of carbon nanotubes to femtosecond laser pulses is studied with a nonadiabatic simulation technique, which accounts for the evolution of electronic and ionic degrees of freedom, and for the coupling with the external electromagnetic field. As a direct result of electronic excitation, three coherent breathing phonon modes are excited: two radial vibrations localized in the caps and cylindrical body, and one longitudinal vibration coupled to the nanotube length. Under high absorbed energies (but below 2.9 eV/atom, the graphite's ultrafast fragmentation threshold), the resulting oscillatory motion leads to the opening of nanotube caps. Following the cap photofragmentation the nanotube body remains intact for the rest of the 2 ps simulation time.


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