Journal article
Capillary electrochromatography with polymeric continuous beds synthesized via free radical polymerization in aqueous media using derivatized cyclodextrins as solubilizing agents

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Wahl, A.; Schnell, I.; Pyell, U.
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Journal of Chromatography A
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A novel synthetic route to amphiphilic acrylamide-based monolithic stationary phases for capillary electrochromatography (CEC) employing water-soluble cyclodextrins as solubilizing agents was explored. N,N'-Octamethylenebisacryamide and N,N'-dodecamethylenebisacryamide were synthesized and their solubilization in aqueous solution with derivatized and underivatized cyclodextrins of different cavity size was studied. Amphiphilic stationary phases were synthesized by free radical copolymerization of the bisacrylamide-cyclodextrin host-guest complexes with hydrophilic monomers and an additional hydrophilic cross-linker in aqueous solution. Complex formation in solution and removal of the complexed cyclodextrin from the polymer during synthesis was studied with H-1-NMR and solid state C-13-NMR spectroscopy and cyclodextrin-modified micellar electrokinetic chromatography. The impact of the incorporated alkylene groups in the acrylamide-based macroporous polymer on retention was studied with neutral solutes by CEC in the normal-phase elution mode and in the reversed-phase elution mode. Batch-to-batch reproducibility of the synthesis procedure and day-to-day repeatability of the separations achieved were investigated. With these capillaries, a sufficiently high electroosmotic flow velocity, a high reproducibility and repeatability of separation parameters and high plate numbers (up to 200 000 m(-1)) were obtained. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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