Aufsatz in einer Fachzeitschrift
Girls in detail, boys in shape: Gender differences when drawing cubes in depth



Details zur Publikation
Autor(inn)en:
Ebersbach, M.; Lange-Küttner, C.
Publikationsjahr:
2013
Zeitschrift:
British Journal of Psychology
Seitenbereich:
413–437
Jahrgang/Band:
104
ISSN:
0007-1269

Zusammenfassung, Abstract
The current study tested gender differences in the developmental transition from drawing cubes in two- versus three dimensions (3D), and investigated the underlying spatial abilities. Six- to nine-year-old children (N = 97) drew two occluding model cubes and solved several other spatial tasks. Girls more often unfolded the various sides of the cubes into a layout, also called diagrammatic cube drawing (object design detail). In girls, the best predictor for drawing the cubes was Mental Rotation Test (MRT) accuracy. In contrast, boys were more likely to preserve the optical appearance of the cube array. Their drawing in 3D was best predicted by MRT reaction time and the Embedded Figures Test (EFT). This confirmed boys' stronger focus on the contours of an object silhouette (object shape). It is discussed whether the two gender-specific approaches to drawing in three dimensions reflect two sides of the appearance-reality distinction in drawing, that is graphic syntax of object design features versus visual perception of projective space. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract)


Schlagwörter
Childhood Development, developmental transition, Drawing, drawing cubes, gender differences, Human Sex Differences, spatial abilities, Spatial Ability


Autor(inn)en / Herausgeber(innen)

Zuletzt aktualisiert 2019-25-07 um 11:44