PhD thesis
Ansätze einer akteursbasierten Innovationserklärung - Konzeptionelle Überlegungen, empirische Untersuchung und agentenbasierte Modellierung



Publication Details
Authors:
Daskalakis, M.
Edition name or number:
1
Publisher:
University Press
Place:
Kassel
Publication year:
2014
Pages range:
TBD
Volume number:
2014

Abstract
The present work aims to make a contribution to the establishment of an empirically substantial microfoundation of innovation processes in the context of an evolutionary perspective. The behaviour-related focal point of the study is based in varying degrees on the actor and innovation model of Herbert Simon and the Carnegie School. It is complemented, specified and extended through findings from creativity and cognition research, psychology and trust research as well as from modern innovation research. The work makes reference to a socially and economically relevant area of innovation, namely environmental innovation and is conceptually as well as empirically oriented. In addition, methods of computer simulation in the form of two multi-agent systems are applied. As an overall result, it could be determined that innovations must be regarded as highly precarious processes depending on a particular combination of specific actor characteristics, actor constellations and boundary conditions. Furthermore, they are subject to iteration loops (for example, through learning, feedback and the development of trust) and are always part of a larger context of action and (in the case of companies) an organizational environment. The activities of these actors and their interaction are the starting point for the emergence of innovation phenomena on the meso- and macro-level. In particular, the results of the analyses of the five separate scientific studies included in this larger work show that the use of the approach developed by Herbert Simon and the Carnegie School provides a suitable theoretical basis for the establishment of a process-oriented microfoundation for the area of innovation. With appropriate supplementation and adaptation for the respective object of study, it also provides a highly differentiated means of viewing various types of innovation processes and their actor-based underpinnings on an individual level as well as on an organizational level. In this connection, it also becomes evident that with the initiation model the Simon/Carnegie approach brings an additional aspect into the discussion which until now has received little attention, despite having a constitutive influence for an economic perspective - namely, the analysis of the parameters and processes for the decision to conduct innovations. Even if the understanding of the processes, or the determinants, for the preparation, realization and diffusion of innovations is of basic significance, finally the question why and under which circumstances actors finally decide for innovation is a central aspect of an economic consideration of the subject. The results of this study are also relevant for economic policy especially as regards to innovation and environmental issues.


Authors/Editors

Last updated on 2019-25-07 at 12:51