Journal article
Myoinhibitory peptides in the brain of the cockroach Leucophaea maderae and colocalization with pigment-dispersing factor in circadian pacemaker cells



Publication Details
Authors:
Schulze, J.; Neupert, S.; Schmidt, L.; Predel, R.; Lamkemeyer, T.; Homberg, U.; Stengl, M.
Publication year:
2012
Journal:
Journal of Comparative Neurology
Pages range:
1078-1097
Journal acronym:
J Comp Neurol
Volume number:
520
Issue number:
520
Start page:
1078
End page:
1097
ISSN:
0021-9967
eISSN:
1096-9861

Abstract
Myoinhibitory peptides (MIPs) are a family of insect W(X(6))Wamides with inhibitory effects on visceral muscles and juvenile hormone synthesis. Although MIPs are widely distributed within the nervous system, a detailed analysis of their distribution and function in insect brains is still missing. We analyzed the distribution of MIPs in the brain of the cockroach Leucophaea maderae. We focused on the accessory medulla (AMe), a small neuropil near the medulla that acts as the master circadian clock. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight (MALDI-TOF) and Nano-LC electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry revealed five Lem-MIPs in preparations of the AMe and corpora cardiaca. The complete sequences of two of these peptides were identified. Immunocytochemistry revealed wide distribution of MIP-related peptides in the cockroach brain. The superior median protocerebrum, parts of the central complex, and the tritocerebrum showed particularly dense immunostaining. In contrast, only a few local interneurons were stained in the antennal lobe and a few extrinsic neurons in the mushroom body, including a giant neuron innervating the calyces. The noduli of the AMe showed dense immunostaining, and neurons in all AMe cell groups except the anterior neurons were labeled. Pigment-dispersing factor- (PDF) and MIP immunostaining was colocalized in two neurons of the AMe. No colocalization of MIP- and PDF immunostaining was detected in the anterior optic commissure, but two small PDF-immunoreactive commissural fibers near the posterior optic commissure showed colocalized MIP immunostaining. The results suggest that several MIPs participate in different functional circuits of the circadian system and are involved in multiple brain circuits of the Madeira cockroach.


Keywords
circadian rhythms, insect brain, neuropeptides


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Last updated on 2019-25-07 at 09:52