Journal article
Viscoplasticity of Elastomeric Materials. Experimental Facts and Constitutive Modelling

Publication Details
Haupt, P.; Sedlan, K.
Publication year:
Archive of Applied Mechanics
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A characteristic of filled elastomers is their ability to undergo very large deformations without damaging their internal structure. The material behaviour is mainly elastic, however, elastomers show hysteresis effects leading to damping properties, which are quite important as regards their applications in various fields of mechanical engineering.
A series of experiments (tension, torsion and combinations of both) was carried out on cylindrical bars made of a carbon-black filled rubber mixture. In addition to a pronounced nonlinear rate-dependence, relaxation and viscosity properties are observed as being influenced by the process histories.
The behaviour of elastomeric materials is modelled on the basis of a free energy function and evolution equations for additional internal variables. Incorporating or disregarding the very small rate-independent hysteresis, the constitutive modelling may be classified under viscoplasticity or viscoelasticity. The constitutive equations are formulated for isothermal processes in a thermodynamically consistent manner. Particular attention is focused on nonlinear rate-dependence as well as on process-dependent relaxation properties. Numerical simulations on the basis of identified material parameters show that the proposed constitutive model is able to represent the main elastic and inelastic phenomena.


Last updated on 2019-01-11 at 16:05