Journal article
CO2 evolution and N mineralization after biogas slurry application in the field and its yield effects on spring barley



Publication Details
Authors:
Scheller, E.; Raubuch, M.; Ludwig, B.
Publication year:
2009
Journal:
Applied Soil Ecology
Pages range:
297-302
Volume number:
42
Issue number:
3
Start page:
297
End page:
302
ISSN:
0929-1393

Abstract
The objective of this Study was to investigate the effects of biogas slurry derived from straw-rich farmyard manure on the soil microbial biomass, oil the mineralization in the field and oil the related crop yield. The experiment was carried Out in the following four treatments: (I) fallow, (2) fallow + biogas slurry, (3) spring barley, and (4) spring barley + biogas slurry. The CO2 evolution rate ranged between 15 and 120 mg C m(-2) h(-1) in both fallow treatments and showed a significant exponential relationship with the soil temperature at 5 cm depth. According to the extrapolation Of the CO2 evolution rates into amounts per hectare, approximately 200 kg C ha(-1) or 27% of the biogas slurry derived C were mineralized to CO2 during a 50 days' period to 18 June in the fallow treatment with biogas slurry. Ail additional amount of up to 29.5 kg inorganic N ha(-1) could be calculated as the SLIM of NH4-N already present in biogas slurry at the time of amendment and from the amount of biogas slurry mineralized in the soil to NO3-N. A good agreement between measured and modelled stocks of inorganic N at 0-60 cm depth was obtained after having five-fold increased soil organic C turnover compared to the default values of the model DNDC. The mineralization data are in line with an amount of up to 21 kg ha(-1) more N transferred by the barley plants to their aboveground biomass in biogas slurry treatment. The N not accounted for by the aboveground plant biomass Could be explained by the belowground plant-derived N. CO2 evolution from the soil surface, inorganic N content at 0-60 cm depth and N transfer into barley aboveground biomass lead apparently to similar results after the application of biogas Slurry. The Soil ATP content after harvest of the barley was significantly larger in the two treatments with biogas Slurry, especially in the fallow treatment indicating a positive effect oil the soil microbial community. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Last updated on 2018-22-11 at 14:15