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Development and characterization of chloroplast microsatellite markers in Macaranga (Euphorbiaceae)

Details zur Publikation
Vogel, M.; Bänfer, G.; Moog, U.; Weising, K.
National Research Council Canada

Zusammenfassung, Abstract
As part of our study on the phylogeography of the ant-plant genus Macaranga, we have screened for polymorphic regions in the chloroplast genome. Initially, ten universal PCR primer pairs targeted at chloroplast microsatellite loci were applied to a small set of specimens, covering various taxonomic levels from intrafamilial to intraspecific. Eight primer pairs produced PCR fragments that behaved as single and discrete bands on agarose gels. The five most promising candidate pairs were further analysed with an extended set of DNA templates, and PCR products were separated on sequencing gels. The number of size variants per locus varied from two to eight, combining into 17 haplotypes among 29 Macaranga accessions from 10 species. Comparative sequencing demonstrated that microsatellites were responsible for the observed size variation at three of five loci, whereas variation at the other loci was caused by larger insertions and (or) deletions (indels). In addition to poly(A) and poly(T) repeats, which are typically found in chloroplast DNA, we also identified a variable (CT)(n) repeat, with n = 4 to n = 8. Sequencing revealed three examples of size homoplasy, one of which was caused by a single base substitution that raised the actual number of haplotypes to 18. Relationships between haplotypes were assessed by phenetic analyses of size variants and by constructing a parsimony network based on sequence variation. For both types of analysis, the distribution of haplotypes correlated with geographically circumscribed regions rather than with taxonomic boundaries.

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Zuletzt aktualisiert 2019-01-11 um 16:05