Journal article
Microbial uptake and utilization of low molecular weight organic substrates in soil depend on carbon oxidation state



Publication Details
Authors:
Gunina, A.; Smith, A.; Kuzyakov, Y.; L., D.
Publisher:
SPRINGER
Publication year:
2017
Journal:
Biogeochemistry
Pages range:
89-100
Volume number:
133
Issue number:
1
Start page:
89
End page:
100
Number of pages:
12
ISSN:
0168-2563

Abstract
The fate of low molecular weight organic substances (LMWOSs) in soil is regulated by microbial uptake. However, C oxidation state, the number of C atoms and -COOH groups in the LMWOS can affect their microbial utilization. Thus, the aim of this study was to reveal the effects of substance chemical properties on initial uptake and utilization of sugars, carboxylic and amino acids by microorganisms. Soil solution, spiked with C-14-labelled glucose, fructose, malate, succinate, formate, alanine or glycine, was added to the soil and C-14 was traced in the soil solution, CO2, cytosol, and soil organic carbon (SOC) over 24 h. The half-life time of all LMWOS in the soil solution varied between 0.6 min (formic acid) and 5.0 min (sugars), indicating its dependence on C oxidation state of the substances. The half-life time of C-14 in the fast mineralized pool in microorganisms, ranged between 30 (malic acid) and 80 (glycine) min and was independent on either C oxidation state, the number of C atoms, or number of -COOH groups. This suggests that intercellular metabolic pathways are more important for LMWOS transformation in soil than their basic chemical properties. The portion of mineralized LMWOS increased with their C oxidation state (20% for sugars vs. 90% for formic acid) corresponding to the decrease of C incorporated into the cytosol and SOC pools. Concluding, the physicochemical properties of the common LMWOS allow predicting their microbial uptake from soil solution and subsequent partitioning of C within microbial biomass.


Keywords
Carbon use efficiency, CUE, Decomposition kinetics, Dissolved organic nitrogen, Organic acids

Last updated on 2019-25-07 at 16:34