Journal article
Structural, biochemical, and physiological characterization of C-4 photosynthesis in species having two vastly different types of Kranz anatomy in Genus Suaeda (Chenopodiaceae)



Publication Details
Authors:
Freitag, H.
Publication year:
2007
Journal:
Plant Biology
Pages range:
745-757
Volume number:
9
Start page:
745
End page:
757
ISSN:
1435-8603

Abstract
C-4 species of family Chenopodiaceae, subfamily Suaedoideae have two types of Kranz anatomy in genus Suaeda, sections Salsina and Schoberia, both of which have an outer (palisade mesophyll) and an inner (Kranz) layer of chlorenchyma cells in usually semi-terete leaves. Features of Salsina (S. aegyptiaca, S. arcuata, S. taxifolia) and Schoberia type (S. acuminata, S. eltonica, S. cochlearifolia) were compared to C-3 type S. heterophylla. In Salsina type, two layers of chlorenchyma at the leaf periphery surround water-storage tissue in which the vascular bundles are embedded. In leaves of the Schoberia type, enlarged water-storage hypodermal cells surround two layers of chlorenchyma tissue, with the latter surrounding the vascular bundles. The chloroplasts in Kranz cells are located in the centripetal position in Salsina type and in the centrifugal position in the Schoberia type. Western blots on C, acid decarboxylases show that both Kranz forms are NAD-malic enzyme (NAD-ME) type C-4 species. Transmission electron microscopy shows that mesophyll cells have chloroplasts with reduced grana, while Kranz cells have chloroplasts with well-developed grana and large, specialized mitochondria, characteristic of NAD-ME type C-4 chenopods. In both C-4 types, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase is localized in the palisade mesophyll, and Rubisco and mitochondrial NAD-ME are localized in Kranz cells, where starch is mainly stored. The C-3 species S. heterophylla has Brezia type isolateral leaf structure, with several layers of Rubisco-containing chlorenchyma. Photosynthetic response curves to varying CO2 and light in the Schoberia type and Salsina type species were similar, and typical Of C-4 plants. The results indicate that two structural forms of Kranz anatomy evolved in parallel in species of subfamily Suaedoideae having NAD-ME type C-4 photosynthesis.


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Last updated on 2019-01-11 at 16:04