Beitrag in einem Tagungsband
Concepts for Tenant Tickets for Connecting Habitation and Transport



Details zur Publikation
Autor(inn)en:
Sommer, C.; Lambrecht, F.
Herausgeber:
Wulfhorst, Gebhard; Kinigadner, Julia
Verlag:
Elsevier GmbH
Verlagsort / Veröffentlichungsort:
München
Publikationsjahr:
2016
Seitenbereich:
40-48
Buchtitel:
Transforming Urban Mobility. mobil.TUM 2016. International Scientific Conference on Mobility and Transport. Conference Proceedings
Titel der Buchreihe:
Transportation Research Procedia
Bandnr.:
Volume 19, 2016
Sprachen:
Englisch

Zusammenfassung, Abstract

About 85% of the daily trips start
or end at the own home (MID 2008). The decision to go by foot, bicycle,
public transport or car is reached at the residence and depends on the
residential environment and housing situation. There are thoughts about
alternative financing models to make the public transport more popular
on this decision. This can be considered in traffic management for
housing areas like student tickets and job tickets.

Mobility
management for housing areas is understood as method that are developed
for residents of specific living quarters or tenants of designated
housing companies. They include a specific benefit for the target group
in addition to the common services (Bäumer & Köllinger, 2009),
resulting in a win-win-situation for all participants: the customers get
a cheaper access to the public transport and further transport services
as well as more options with the choice of transport mode. The
transportation company enhances his service, acquires new customers and
can plan with solid collection of fees. A more liveable environment
through the reduction of the car traffic and parking spaces can be
created in the commune. The landlords and housing companies enhance
their main product “home”, can reach a better customer loyalty and
recovery as well as save costs with parking facilities in development
areas. (Bäumer, Reutter & Reudenbach 2008; Dittrich-Wesbuer &
Reutter, 2003; et.al.) Despite many good arguments, corresponding
proposals are only rarely considered in mobility strategies.

Because
of this a tenant ticket will be developed in the research project DieMo
RheinMain. The project is funded by the German Federal Ministry of
Education and Research (BMBF). Tenant tickets are fare reduced season
tickets for public transport for residents of designated housing areas
or renter of designated housing companies. The tenant ticket implements
the public transport consistently into the proposal of housing companies
based on integrated fares and sales channel and provides an access to
the public transport with the rent payment. Within the project usable
concepts and transferable recommendations for tenant tickets will be
developed. Those consider also possible problems with implementation
with the aim of reaching an easier and stronger connection between
habitation and transport as well as providing the residents bigger
possibilities in the choice of transport mode. Beside a reduction
potential at the transport performance of vehicles and the environmental
pollution shall also facilitated the economisation of parking space.
Different concepts for tenant tickets (voluntary models and solidary
models) will be developed to consider special needs of the customers and
different local conditions.

Previous activities in
mobility management for housing areas will be investigated and parallels
will be searched for general mobility management concepts to find
solutions. There will be included previous activities and tried concepts
of the past as well. At a first workshop with tenant associations,
housing companies, municipalities and transport companies all
stakeholders come together and discuss in separate groups and the plenum
about requirements and expectations of transport services connected
with habitation as well as barriers and possible arrangements of
services. Different concepts of tenant tickets will be developed from
the results of the workshop and the previous investigations. They will
be presented to the stakeholders at a second workshop and validated to
their practicability.

There were already some
implemented concepts for tenant tickets but many of them have already
been closed. Especially juridical obstacles complicate or obstruct the
implementation of traffic concepts. Furthermore the success has often
been blocked by insufficient participation and cooperation of the
stakeholders as well as missing acceptance.

The most
realised services, especially at the housing stock, are based on the
concept of voluntariness. There is a successful examples in
Bielefeld/Germany (moBiel & BGW 2015). The tenants of the
“Bielefelder Gemeinnützige Wohnungsbaugesellschaft” can buy a tenant
ticket since 2005 which is available for all price levels and is granted
with a 10% discount. A similar tenant ticket is offered by the “VBW
Bauen und Wohnen” for their tenants at Bochum/Germany, who can buy a
season ticket with an 11.5% discount (Bäumer, 2003; VBW, 2015). The
already implemented examples indicate that an intensive cooperation
between the stakeholders with settling the financing and distribution,
inclusion of tenants and an intensive marketing is particularly
necessary for the success. A good service of the public transport, fully
accessibility to the services and an easy purchase option is essential
as well. Implemented activities need time for an acceptance of the
residents.

At the workshop with the stakeholders all
participants agreed that connections with further services (such as car
sharing) over a common access achieve the highest benefit for the
tenants. In addition the politics will be held accountable to improve
the conditions for the concepts as well as with support for the
initiatives. All in all it became clear that the cooperation to create
successful concepts will be no sure-fire success. All involved groups
are mutually responsible for analysing the special locally conditions
and the creation of circumstances for integrated tenant tickets.

On
the basis of the findings in the project three types of tenant tickets
will be developed from which a realisable concept will be presented:
optional model, solidary model and ticket sharing.

The
optional model is based on a minimum purchase of tickets for the public
transport by the housing company with granting a bulk discount by the
transport company which is directly passed to the tenants. With the
solidary model the involved households will be obliged to buy a tenant
ticket. Higher discounts can be reached due to a mixed calculation with
higher number of members in this case. The Ticketsharing model offers
middle to very high discounts due to the division of a transmittable
travel card through a separate member group.

A focus
at the concept development is the consideration of the special
requirements to the implementation and the participation of the
concerned stakeholders to guarantee the practicability.



Autor(inn)en / Herausgeber(innen)

Zuletzt aktualisiert 2020-12-03 um 12:16

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