Journal article
Examination of the role of FMRFamide-related peptides in the circadian clock of the cockroach Leucophaea maderae.



Publication Details
Authors:
Stengl, M.
Publication year:
2008
Journal:
Cell and Tissue Research
Pages range:
257-269
Volume number:
332
Start page:
257
End page:
269
ISSN:
0302-766X

Abstract
The accessory medulla, the circadian clock of the cockroach Leucophaea maderae, is abundant in neuropeptides. Among these neuropeptides are the FMRFamide-related peptides (FaRPs), which generally share the C-terminal RFamide. As a first step toward understanding the functional role of FaRPs in the circadian clock of the cockroach, immunocytochemistry with antisera against various FaRPs, MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, and injections of two FaRPs combined with running-wheel assays were performed. Prominent FMRFamide-like immunoreactivity was found in maximally four soma clusters associated with the accessory medulla and in most neuropils of the protocerebrum. By MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, various extended FMRFamides of the cockroach L. maderae were partially identified in thoracic perisympathetic organs, structures known to accumulate extended FMRFamides in insects. By mass match, several of these peptides were also detected in the accessory medulla. Injections of FMRFamide and Pea-FMRFa-7 (DRSDNFIRF-NH2) into the vicinity of the accessory medulla caused time-dependent phase-shifts of locomotor activity rhythms at circadian times 8, 18, and 4. Thus, our data suggest a role for the different FaRPs in the control of circadian locomotor activity rhythms in L. maderae.


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