Journal article
Presumptive insect circadian pacemakers in vitro: immunocytochemical characterization of cultured pigment-dispersing hormone immunoreactive neurons.

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Stengl, M.
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Cell and Tissue Research
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The accessory medulla with its associated pigment-dispersing hormone-immunoreactive neurons appears to be the pacemaker that controls the circadian locomotor activity rhythm of the cockroach Leucophaea maderae. To permit studies at the level of individual, identified, pacemaker neurons, we developed specific long-term primary cell cultures of fully differentiated adult neurons of the accessory medulla. As judged from soma diameter distribution, the cultures contain an unbiased representation of apparently all neuronal types of the accessory medulla. The cultured cells survive and grow processes for more than 2 months with or without additional hemocyte coculturing. However, a strong positive effect on initial outgrowth was observed with hemocyte coculturing. At least six different morphological cell types of the accessory medulla could be distinguished in vitro. Among these only one cell type, the monopolar type C cell, was recognized in vitro with an antiserum against the neuropeptide pigment-dispersing hormone. Thus, the identifiable monopolar type C cells are candidates for circadian pacemaker neurons and will be the focus of further physiological characterizations.


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Last updated on 2019-25-07 at 13:17