Journal article
Grundsätzliche ethologische Überlegungen zur
Beurteilung der Tiergerechtheit bei Nutztieren




Publication Details
Authors:
Knierim, U.
Publisher:
M H SCHAPER GMBH CO KG
Publication year:
2002
Journal:
Deutsche Tierärztliche Wochenschrift
Pages range:
261-266
Volume number:
109
Issue number:
6
Start page:
261
End page:
266
Number of pages:
6
ISSN:
0341-6593

Abstract
In the assessment of husbandry conditions with regard to farm animal welfare the probability or risk is evaluated to which extent the animals are feeling well or are prone to pain, suffering or physical harm under the specific husbandry conditions. It is emphasised that well-being is more than merely the absence of pain, suffering and physical harm. Well-being is defined as the experience of the extent of being able to successfully cope with the environment. Consequently, any prevention to actively and successfully interact with the environment may impair animal well-being. This situation often arises because of conflicts between husbandry conditions and innate species-specific behaviour programs, regardless of any domestication effects on the reactivity of the farm animals to their environment. Based on these presumptions, four broad categories of influence on the well-being of animals are identified and exemplary explained. On the side of the environment these are the extent of (1) physical opportunity to perform species-specific behaviour, (2) availability of adequate stimuli and substrates for this behaviour and (3) adequate learning opportunities, especially during rearing. On the animals' side it is the extent of (4) their genetically based bodily capacity to perform species-specific behaviour. Less behavioural restriction is associated with the likelihood that better well-being is safeguarded under the aspect of behaviour. For a full assessment with respect to animal welfare also health aspects and other variables as appropriate must be taken into account. The assessment is comparative by nature and does not in itself include any conclusion about the acceptability of certain conditions.


Keywords
ethology, husbandry


Authors/Editors

Last updated on 2019-25-07 at 16:24