Journal article
In-situ investigation of superplasticizers: From fluorescence microscopy to concrete rheology

Publication Details
Arend, J.; Wetzel, A.; Middendorf, B.
Publication year:
Cement and Concrete Research
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Concretes with advanced strength and durability necessitates organic polymers to receive a homogeneous
concrete mixture due to a low amount of mixing water and a high content of fine fillers with large inner surface. The basic working mechanisms of those so-called superplasticizers are widely understood in theory, but still there are unclear phenomena like incompatibilities with certain additives. This study presents a novel method to investigate the interaction of superplasticizers with mineral particles. With the application of fluorescence microscopy, it is possible for the first time to localize and quantify the adsorption of superplasticizers to particles and to vary experimental parameters during the measurement. The presented results prove this method, which enables first time to investigate the superplasticizer interaction with mineral surfaces in situ. The important role of calcium ions for the necessary adsorption of those polymers to mineral particle surfaces is obvious in the shown fluorescence microscopic experiment. Furthermore, the detected amount of adsorbed polymers depending in the concentration of calcium ions present in the used suspension correlates with the development of the zeta potential of various minerals. Finally, a correlation between the microscopically measured adsorption of two different superplasticizers to rheological properties of a test mortar succeeded.

Last updated on 2019-10-04 at 14:33