Journal article
Effect of fs/ps laser pulsewidth on ablation of metals and silicon in air and liquids, and on their nanoparticle yields



Publication Details
Authors:
Saraeva, I.; Kudryashov, S.; Rudenko, A.; Zhilnikova, M.; Ivanov, D.; Zayarny, D.; Simakin, A.; Ionin, A.; Garcia, M.
Publisher:
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Publication year:
2019
Journal:
Applied Surface Science
Pages range:
1018-1034
Volume number:
470
Start page:
1018
End page:
1034
Number of pages:
17
ISSN:
0169-4332

Abstract
The effect of laser pulsewidth, tuned in the range tau = 0.3-10 ps, on infrared (IR) laser ablation (LA) thresholds of bulk gold, silver and silicon in air and in liquid environments (deionized water, isopropyl alcohol (IPA)) was studied in this work. The influence of laser pulsewidth on the morphology and yield of the ejected nanoparticles (NPs), as well as its impact on the efficiency of NP generation, was studied by UV-vis spectral measurement of the extinction coefficient spectra of NP colloids, fabricated by multi-pass ablation of bulk targets in both solvents at different pulse duration values, by analytical disc centrifuge and by high-resolution scanning electron mi-croscopy. The ablation thresholds are raising with the increase of laser pulsewidth, exhibiting sublinear dependences. The extinction coefficient dependence on tau exhibited a non-monotonous character in case of water medium for all materials, and was gradually descending in case of LA in IPA. Additional MD-TTM (molecular dynamics-two-temperature model) modeling was performed for single-shot laser exposition of bulk Au target in air with tau = 0.3 ps and 4 ps, which allowed distinguishing the main mechanisms of the material removal, the formation of NPs, and the observed crater topography. The performed simulations supported the trend on the ablation threshold increase with the increase of laser pulse duration.


Keywords
Colloidal solutions, Femtosecond laser ablation, Gold Nanoparticles, Picosecond laser ablation, Silicon nanoparticles, silver nanoparticles


Authors/Editors

Last updated on 2019-29-10 at 17:29