Journal article
Measuring Product Material Footprint as New Life Cycle Impact Assessment Method: Indicators and Abiotic Characterization Factors



Publication Details
Authors:
Mostert, C.; Bringezu, S.
Publication year:
2019
Journal:
Resources
Pages range:
61
Volume number:
8
Issue number:
2
ISSN:
2079-9276
eISSN:
2079-9276

Abstract

The global economy is using growing amounts of natural resources such as
raw materials, water, and land by making and using goods, services, and
infrastructure. Aspirations on international, regional, and national
levels e.g., the Sustainable Development Goals, the EU flagship
initiative Roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe or the German Program
for Resource Efficiency are showing an urgent need to bring the global
raw material use down to sustainable levels. An essential prerequisite
to identify resource efficient options and to implement resource
efficiency measures and solutions is the ability to compare different
products or services regarding their raw material use. Until today,
there is no internationally standardized approach defined and no
software supported calculation method including the necessary data basis
available to measure the raw material intensity of products. A new life
cycle impact assessment (LCIA) method Product Material Footprint PMF is
described. Two indicators are used to quantify the PMF: the Raw
Material Input RMI and the Total Material Requirement TMR. The
calculation of global median values for the characterization factors CFRMI and CFTMR
of abiotic materials was done based on different databases. This
article presents the methodological approach of the PMF, the calculation
results for CFRMI of 42 abiotic materials and CFTMR
of 36 abiotic materials, and the implementation of the LCIA method into
the software openLCA for use with the ecoinvent database.


Last updated on 2020-06-03 at 11:54