Journal article
Maladaptive persönlichkeitseigenschaften gemäß DSM-5: Zusammenhänge mit psychischer belastung und ICD-10-Diagnosen in einer klinischen stichprobe



Publication Details
Authors:
Zimmermann, J.; Masuhr, O.; Jaeger, U.; Leising, D.; Benecke, C.; Spitzer, C.
Publication year:
2014
Journal:
PTT: Persönlichkeitsstörungen Theorie und Therapie
Pages range:
46-58
Volume number:
18
Issue number:
1

Abstract
The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) features in Section III a new model for the diagnosis of personality disorders. This model includes a taxonomy of maladaptive personality traits, comprising 25 trait facets and five higher-order domains. Individual differences in trait facets can be assessed using a newly developed self-report measure: the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5). The aim of this study is to introduce a German version of the PID-5, and to investigate some of its psychometric properties in a sample of 273 inpatients. We were able to show (1) that the PID-5 trait facets are empirically distinct from current distress, (2) that the factor structure of PID-5 trait facets is broadly in line with the proposed five higher-order domains, and (3) that patients with borderline personality disorder (as diagnosed by the treating clinician) show a characteristic and theoretically reasonable profile of elevated trait facets. We conclude that the PID-5 is a contemporary and clinically useful measure of maladaptive personality traits that can be recommended for further use in research and practice. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)

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