Journal article
The Effects of the Injection Moulding Temperature on the Mechanical Properties and Morphology of Polypropylene Man-Made Cellulose Fibre Composites



Publication Details
Authors:
Feldmann, M.
Publication year:
2016
Journal:
Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
Pages range:
146-152
Volume number:
87
ISSN:
1359-835X

Abstract

Composites made of polypropylene and man-made cellulose fibres that are intended for injection moulding applications show potential for use in sustainable and light weight engineering with high energy absorption capacity. Due to the thermal sensitivity of the cellulose fibres, process parameters play an important role during the injection moulding process. A polypropylene and a man-made cellulose fibre were chosen for this investigation. Effective melt temperatures between 200 °C and 269 °C were used to process the compounds into test specimens. Tensile, impact and colorimetric tests, as well as an SEM analysis, and a measurement of the fibre length distribution were carried out in order to characterise the mechanical and optical properties of the composites. It was observed that the fibre length becomes shorter above 256 °C and elongation at break and Charpy strength (notched) of the composites already decrease at lower temperatures than tensile strength. A direct correlation between mechanical properties and discoloration was not observed. Therefore, melt temperatures up to 250 °C are suitable for these composites.


Last updated on 2019-05-12 at 10:38