Journal article
Optimisation of Physical and Chemical Treatments to Control Browning Development and Enzymatic Activity on Fresh-cut Apple Slices



Publication Details
Authors:
Hensel, O.; Shrestha, L.; Kulig, B.; Moscetti, R.; Massantini, R.; Pawelzik, E.; Sturm, B.
Publication year:
2020
Journal:
Foods
Pages range:
1-21
Volume number:
9
Issue number:
1
ISSN:
2304-8158

Abstract
Optimisation of processing time and pre-treatments are crucial factors prior to apple drying to produce a high-quality product. The purpose of the present study was to test the utility of physical (hot-water, HWB and steam blanching, SB) and chemical (1{\%} ascorbic acid, AA; and 1{\%} citric acid, CA) treatments, alone or in combination in reducing surface discolouration as well as oxidative enzyme activity in apple slices (cv. Golden Delicious and Elstar) exposed to air at room temperature for 0, 30 and 60 min. The total colour change (\textgreekDE) for Golden Delicious was equal to 2.38, 2.68, and 4.05 after 0, 30 and 60 min of air exposure, respectively. Dipping in AA solution (1{\%} w/v) was found to be the best treatment to limit surface discolouration of both apple cultivars. The best heat treatments to inhibit polyphenol oxidase/peroxidase enzymes activity were 70 °C HWB for Golden Delicious and 60 °C HWB for Elstar slices, both in combination with a solution of 1{\%} AA and 1{\%} CA. The tested apple cultivars were found to require different treatments at minimum ambient air exposure to obtain the best surface colour condition.


Authors/Editors

Last updated on 2020-17-08 at 10:36