Journal article
Overclaiming shares processes with the hindsight bias



Publication Details
Authors:
Müller, S.; Moshagen, M.
Publication year:
2018
Journal:
Personality and Individual Differences
Pages range:
298-300
Volume number:
134
ISSN:
0191-8869

Abstract
Overclaiming is the degree to which individuals claim knowledge about factually nonexistent terms. Whereas overclaiming is often considered to reflect motivational misreporting, we argue that overclaiming involves biased (meta-)cognitive processing, i.e., sense-making and the misattribution of fluency. These processes also contribute to the hindsight bias: When individuals receive the correct answer to a question, their recalled own prior answer tends to be biased towards the correct answer, which is partly due to biased reconstructions of the original answer. Supporting the idea that overclaiming and the hindsight bias involve similar processes, we show in the present study (N = 157) that overclaiming is positively related to reconstruction biases in the hindsight bias.

Last updated on 2020-22-10 at 10:37