Journal article
Eukaryotic life without tQ(CUG): the role of Elongator-dependent tRNA modifications in Dictyostelium discoideum



Publication Details
Authors:
Schaffrath, R.
Publisher:
OXFORD UNIV PRESS
Publication year:
2020
Journal:
Nucleic Acids Research
Pages range:
7899-7913
Journal acronym:
NAR
Volume number:
48
Issue number:
14
Start page:
7899
End page:
7913
Number of pages:
15
ISSN:
0305-1048
eISSN:
1362-4962

Abstract
In the Elongator-dependent modification pathway, chemical modifications are introduced at the wobble uridines at position 34 in transfer RNAs (tRNAs), which serve to optimize codon translation rates. Here, we show that this three-step modification pathway exists in Dictyostelium discoideum, model of the evolutionary superfamily Amoebozoa. Not only are previously established modifications observable by mass spectrometry in strains with the most conserved genes of each step deleted, but also additional modifications are detected, indicating a certain plasticity of the pathway in the amoeba. Unlike described for yeast, D. discoideum allows for an unconditional deletion of the single tO(CUG) gene, as long as the Elongator-dependent modification pathway is intact. In gene deletion strains of the modification pathway, protein amounts are significantly reduced as shown by flow cytometry and Western blotting, using strains expressing different glutamine leader constructs fused to GFP. Most dramatic are these effects, when the tQ(CUG) gene is deleted, or Elp3, the catalytic component of the Elongator complex is missing. In addition, Elp3 is the most strongly conserved protein of the modification pathway, as our phylogenetic analysis reveals. The implications of this observation are discussed with respect to the evolutionary age of the components acting in the Elongator-dependent modification pathway.

Last updated on 2021-19-01 at 15:34