Journal article
Self-organized atomic nanowires of noble metals on Ge(001): atomic structure and electronic properties

Publication Details
Matzdorf, R.
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New Journal of Physics
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Atomic structures of quasi-one-dimensional (1D) character can be grown on semiconductor substrates by metal adsorption. Significant progress concerning study of their 1D character has been achieved recently by condensing noble metal atoms on the Ge(001) surface. In particular, Pt and Au yield high quality reconstructions with low defect densities. We report on the self-organized growth and the long-range order achieved, and present data from scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) on the structural components. For Pt/Ge(001), we find hot substrate growth is the preferred method for self-organization. Despite various dimerized bonds, these atomic wires exhibit metallic conduction at room temperature, as documented by low-bias STM. For the recently discovered Au/Ge(001) nanowires, we have developed a deposition technique that allows complete substrate coverage. The Au nanowires are extremely well separated spatially, exhibit a continuous 1D charge density, and are of solid metallic conductance. In this review, we present structural details for both types of nanowires, and discuss similarities and differences. A perspective is given for their potential to host a 1D electron system. The ability to condense different noble metal nanowires demonstrates how atomic control of the structure affects the electronic properties.


Last updated on 2019-25-07 at 13:12